When we talk about proper nutrition, we mean that diet that allows us to feed our body with the right attention, succeeding, in a completely natural way without the use of particular treatments, in preventing certain pathologies, such as diabetes, gastritis or heart attacks.
In order to achieve all this in the best possible way, the World Health Organization (WHO), has as its objective “the achievement of the highest level of health by all populations”, which includes the communication of information regarding social, economic and environmental conditions that have an impact on health.
Some key points to perform healthy eating are:
- support the consumption of fruit and vegetables;
- reduce the concentration of salt, sugar and fat in foods;
- reduce the share of high-calorie foods in the diet;
- reduce alcohol abuse
The Mediterranean diet is a valid guide to be able to correctly respect a good diet. It is articulated in the form of a pyramid by placing the foods to be consumed more frequently at the base up to the top where foods not to be eaten often are positioned.
Very briefly, the main characteristics of the “Mediterranean diet” are:
- abundance of foods of plant origin: fruit, vegetables, pasta, bread, cereals, potatoes
- prevalent consumption of fresh and seasonal foods, almost always of local origin (e.g. seasonal fruit, freshly picked vegetables);
- use of olive oil as the main source of fat;
- daily consumption of cheese and/or yoghurt, but in limited quantities;
- fish, white meat, eggs: a few times a week;
- desserts high in sugar or saturated fat only a few times a week;
- rather limited consumption of red meat, present in the diet a few times a month.
Sestito Davide Vittorio