Basketball was born in the USA in 1891, by the Canadian PE teacher James Naismith. The game became part of the Olympic disciplines in the 1936 at the Berlin Olympics. 

The match is played by two teams, composed of 10/12 athletes (5 in court), and it lasts 4 halves of 10 minutes each. If the match ends even, 5 extra minutes are played. The purpose of the two teams is to get the ball into the opponent’s basket.

The court

The score

  • 3 points if the shot was made in the 3 points area, out the 6.75 m line;
  • 2 points if the shot was made on action in the 2 point area, inside the 6.75 m line;
  • 1 point, the free-throw. The referee awards the free-throw when a player is fouled while he is about to pull. The shot is made from a standstill on the free-throw line.

Main rules and violation

  • Travelling, the player mustn’t walk with the ball in hand, he has to dribble;
  • Double dribble violation, the player mustn’t dribble with two hand;
  • Foot violation, the player mustn’t touch the ball with the foot;
  • 3-second violation, the attacker mustn’t stay in the area for more than 3 seconds;
  • 24-second violation, the action has to last not more than 24 seconds;
  • The team have pass half court within 8 seconds;
  • 5-second violation, the attacker, if he is pressed, mustn’t hold the ball not more than 5 seconds;
  • Violation granted: 5. 

Players’ roles

  • Point Guard 
  • Shooting Guard 
  • Forwards (small and power)
  • Center

Basic moves

– Dribble consists of pushing the ball,
compulsorily with one hand, making it bounce to the ground;

– Pass (overhead pass, bounce pass, chest pass, baseball pass), consists of the throwing the ball to another player;

– Shot (Layup, one-handed overhead shot), is the fundamental act that concludes the action and it is aimed at getting the ball into the basket;

– Defense (zone defense or man to man defense).

By Simone Maiuri (Jump Team)

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